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My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US

One usually reads fantastic tales about how DNA has enabled individuals to establish unknown parentage of their household tree. Typically, these superb breakthroughs may by no means have been made by conventional analysis alone. But for the household historian, there might be different eventualities the place DNA has an necessary function to play. I’d wish to share the story of how I found the maiden identify of my 4th nice grandmother, a widow when she married in 1818. This was purely the results of me investigating the household tree of a brand new DNA match with whom I shared a mere 21CM.

I don’t learn about you however periodically, I wish to test to see if I’ve any new Ancestry DNA matches. If they’re 20CM or above, I check out the shared matches to see if I can determine what ancestors we’d have in frequent. If they’ve a household tree too, it may be potential to find the precise relationship. Just lately, I had a brand new match of 21CM with a woman that I shall name Justine, recognized by Ancestry as a 4th to sixth cousin. She had connected a small household tree containing simply over 800 individuals and though the connection could be distant, it was no less than one thing to work on. We shared two matches in frequent: one among 21CM with no household tree and the opposite with 20CM and a non-public household tree of 41 people. her household tree, I seen that her paternal aspect was from Japanese Europe and since none of my ancestry comes from this space of the world, I used to be assured that the connection could be discovered on her maternal aspect. Justine had recorded the names of all her eight nice nice grandparents however there was little data on earlier generations. Actually none of their names appeared in my household tree. Most of her ancestry gave the impression to be concentrated within the London space.

After somewhat investigation, I concluded that the ancestry of Matilda Lucas, Justine’s nice nice grandmother, could be essentially the most promising to discover. Based on her household tree, Matilda had been born in Rotherhithe on July 16 1846, although her parentage was not recorded. I even have household who had been dwelling in Rotherhithe within the early a part of the nineteenth century. My nice nice nice grandparents, Henry Thatcher Woodbine and Margaret Ellen Maxwell had been each born in Rotherhithe in 1818 and 1821 respectively. Might they be our ancestors in frequent?

I got down to discover the ancestry of Matilda Lucas. Maybe her mom’s maiden identify would grow to be Woodbine or Maxwell. Based on the household tree, Matilda had married William Gorbold on the 17 Jun 1872 in London so to find the identify and occupation of her father, I looked for a report of this occasion. I discovered that the couple had married within the church of St Sepulchre in Holborn:

Marriage of William Gorbold and Matilda Lucas June 1872 St Sepulchre, Holborn, Metropolis of London
London Metropolitan Archives; London, England; London Church of England Parish Registers; Reference Quantity: P69/Sep/A/01/Ms 7222/13 through

Matilda named her father as Richard Lucas, a sailmaker. Armed with this data, I used to be in a position to uncover the household within the 1871 census, dwelling at 87 Union Street in Rotherhithe:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
1871 Census 87 Union Street, Rotherhithe, Surrey – The Nationwide Archives, RG10; 645, 136, 11

Matilda’s mom was Mary Ann and he or she had an older sister, Emma, and a youthful brother, William.

The earliest census wherein Matilda would seem was the 1851 census. In 1851, the parish of Rotherhithe was nonetheless comparatively undeveloped, with the thriving shipbuilding and allied industries focused on the waterfront. Many of the employees lived on the small streets shut by. At this date she and her household had been dwelling on Paradise Row in Rotherhithe:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
1851 Census 44 Paradise Row, Rotherhithe, Surrey – The Nationwide Archives Class: HO107; 1583, 295, 27

At this level I felt I used to be getting heat! My ancestor George Gilbert Maxwell, a waterman, and his spouse Elizabeth had been dwelling at 5 Union Place in Rotherhithe on the time of the 1851 census, simply across the nook from Paradise Row:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
1851 Census 5 Union Place, Rotherhithe, Surrey – The Nationwide Archives Class: HO107; 1583, 283, 2

Elizabeth, the eldest sister of Matilda Lucas, had been born in St John Southwark ca. 1836/7, based on the 1851 census. I subsequently anticipated that their dad and mom had most likely married simply previous to the arrival of Common Registration in July 1837. This was certainly the case and I discovered that Richard and Mary Ann Lucas had married within the parish church of St James, Bermondsey on 23 November 1834:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
Marriage of Richard Lucas and Mary Ann Younger 23 November 1834, St James Bermondsey, Surrey
London Metropolitan Archives, Saint James, Bermondsey, Register of marriages, P71/JS, Merchandise 017

I now knew that Mary Ann’s maiden identify was Younger and this identify did seem in my household tree. Elizabeth, the spouse of George Gilbert Maxwell, was Elizabeth Younger once they married. Nevertheless, she was a widow on the time:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
Marriage of George Gilbert Maxwell and Elizabeth Younger 22 Jul 1818 St Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney
London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Dunstan And All Saints, Register of marriages, P93/DUN, Merchandise 058

The 1851 census had revealed that Elizabeth had been born in Bermondsey ca. 1794. Nevertheless, since I didn’t know her maiden identify, I had beforehand discovered it unimaginable to establish her baptism. There could be far too many Elizabeth’s born within the space on the time. Equally, as I didn’t know the forename of her first husband, Mr Younger, how may I hint her first marriage? It had all the time appeared a genealogical brick wall that I used to be by no means going to unravel. Nevertheless, because of investigating my new DNA match, it now appeared that Elizabeth was associated to Mary Ann Younger, the spouse of Richard Lucas.

Turning to the 1841 census, the plot thickened as I found that at this date, the Lucas and Maxwell households had been dwelling in the identical constructing at Cherry Gardens, Rotherhithe:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
1841 Census Cherry Gardens, Rotherhithe, Surrey – The Nationwide Archives HO107; Piece: 1048; Guide: 2; Civil Parish: St Mary Magdalen Bermondsey; County: Surrey;
Enumeration District: 5; Folio: 32; Web page: 15; Line: 8 through

What was the connection between Mary, the spouse of Richard Lucas and Elizabeth, the spouse of George Gilbert Maxwell? I realised that they will need to have been mom and daughter.

Census returns indicated that Mary Ann had been born in Bermondsey ca. 1811. I discovered that that she had been baptised within the neighbouring parish of St Mary, Rotherhithe, on March 21 1811. She was the daughter of Joseph Younger and his spouse Elizabeth:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
Baptism of Mary Ann Younger 21 March 1811 St Mary, Rotherhithe, Surrey
London Metropolitan Archives; London, England; London Church of England Parish Registers; Reference Quantity: P71/Mry/014 through

It seemed as if Mary Ann’s father, Joseph, will need to have died when she was a baby and her mom, Elizabeth, had married George Gilbert Maxwell in 1818, when she was round 24 years outdated. It’s potential that Joseph Younger was some years older than her as I’ve discovered the burial on 27 April 1817 of a 55 yr outdated Joseph Younger within the parish of St Olave, Bermondsey.

Joseph and Elizabeth Younger had married the yr earlier than Mary Ann’s start in 1810, within the parish of St George the Martyr, Southwark:

My Massive DNA Breakthrough Acquire US Obtain US
Marriage of Joseph Younger and Elizabeth Brook 27 April 1810, St George the Martyr, Southwark, Surrey
London Metropolitan Archives; London, England; London Church of England Parish Registers; Reference Quantity: P92/GEO/178 through

With out the DNA match that linked me to a descendant of Mary Ann Lucas, (née Younger), it might have been unimaginable to find that Elizabeth maiden identify was Brook as her marriage was unidentifiable. If any additional affirmation was wanted, there have been two Brook witnesses at each of Elizabeth’s marriages. These girls might properly have been her sisters: Mary Brook in 1810 and Sarah Brook in 1818.

George Gilbert Maxwell and Elizabeth had seven youngsters born after their marriage in 1818, together with my nice nice grandmother, Margaret Ellen Maxwell in 1821. Nevertheless, reasonably puzzlingly, I’ve discovered the baptisms of three additional youngsters of George Gilbert Maxwell, a waterman, and his spouse, Elizabeth, previous to this date. George Gilbert Maxwell (junior) was baptised on November nineteenth 1826 however his date of start was given as 13 April 1813 so he was 13 years outdated on the time. On the identical event, his child sister, Jane Celia was baptised together with one other youthful sibling, William Henry who was three years outdated, each of whom had been born after the wedding in 1818. Two additional youngsters, Sarah Elizabeth and William Thomas had been born and baptised in 1815 and 1817 respectively, each described as the youngsters of George Gilbert Maxwell, a waterman and his spouse Elizabeth. The household had been dwelling at Higher Queen Avenue on the time. The truth that George Gilbert Maxwell was a bachelor when he married Elizabeth Younger in 1818 means that he didn’t have a primary spouse who was additionally named Elizabeth. George Gilbert Maxwell junior was appreniced to his father in 1827, following in his footsteps as a waterman. There are additionally no different waterman of the identical identify within the Rotherhithe space on the time. I believe it’s more than likely that Elizabeth’s first marriage to Joseph Younger was of a really quick period. Both she married bigamously in 1818 or extra plausibly, the couple needed to wait till Joseph Younger had died earlier than they may get married, though they already had three youngsters collectively. It’s maybe important that they didn’t get married within the Southwark/Bermondsey space however as a substitute travelled throughout the river to the massive parish of St Dunstan and All Saints in Stepney. Within the marriage and banns register, the groom is described as being from the Stepney hamlet of Mile Finish Outdated City although clearly George Gilbert Maxwell spent his life in Rotherhithe, plying the River Thames from stairs on the southern financial institution, carrying passengers from one aspect to the opposite in his wherry boat.

I’m delighted to have now found the identification of Elizabeth, the spouse of George Gilbert Maxwell. Born as Elizabeth Brook, I’ve discovered a possible baptism for her within the registers of St Mary, Newington in Surrey in 1792. She was buried within the parish of St Mary, Rotherhithe, Surrey on April 23 1854 on the age of 61. I’ve additionally found that she had a daughter, Mary Ann, born in 1811, from her quick marriage to Joseph Younger. Mary Ann was the half sister of my nice nice grandmother, Margaret Ellen Maxwell. This makes me a half 4th cousin as soon as eliminated to my DNA match, Justine. One would by no means think about that akin to distant DNA connection may reap such wealthy genealogical rewards.

© Judith Batchelor 2023

#Massive #DNA #Breakthrough

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