HomeEntertainmentThe Movies of Edmund Goulding | Acquire US

The Movies of Edmund Goulding | Acquire US

Edmund Goulding (1891-1959) was a British actor-director-screenwriter who traveled to Hollywood at some unspecified date. His first display screen credit score was as an actor within the 1922 silent movie “Three Stay Ghosts.” Additionally, within the early 20s, he wrote a number of screenplays for star Mae Murray, who was then on the zenith of her reputation following the formation of her personal manufacturing firm together with her then-husband Robert Z. Leonard.

Goulding settled into the director’s chair in 1925 at MGM, directing and writing the silent movie “Sally, Irene, and Mary” starring these two powerhouses Joan Crawford and Constance Bennett and the now-faded-from-memory Sally O’Neil. At MGM, the place he labored from 1925 to 1935 below Irving Thalberg, he solidified his fame as a reliable director of comedy, dramas and a famous director of a few of Hollywood’s biggest actresses. His movies, whether or not at MGM, Warner Bros (1937–1945), or TCF (1946–1958), are all the time extremely polished with none important directorial imprint. In consequence, when Andrew Sarris arrived together with his auteur concept, Goulding was downgraded to nearly ignominy.

He was in a position to flip his hand to just about something on the set of his motion pictures, and he steadily performed an enormous half in creating the screenplay, artwork course, costumes, unique rating, and songs. In the meantime, he was directing the actors.

Two of his songs have entered the Nice American Songbook/Jazz canon:

Mam’Selle (written with lyricist Mack Gordon with Goulding writing the music and a few of the lyrics) was used as background music to a few of the Parisian scenes in “The Razor’s Edge”.

Love (Your Spell is All over the place) (written by actress, screenwriter, and lyricist Elsie Janis with Goulding writing the music and a few of the lyrics)

His solely shortcoming was his lack of digicam fashion, and he depended vastly on the good cinematographers that he labored with.

Edmund Goulding

Edmund Goulding is within the report books for FIVE causes.

REASON NUMBER ONE. Like George Cukor, Mitchell Leisen, Irving Rapper, and James Whale, Goulding was homosexual, and everybody knew it. He was about as open as Whale and extra OUT than Cukor, Leisen, or Rapper. Along with Cukor and Rapper, he was labeled “A Girl’s Director”, a pejorative time period that was additionally a euphemism for “Gay”. As an example, the good William Wyler was most likely the quintessential “Girl’s Director” having guided Bette Davis, Fay Bainter, Greer Garson, Teresa Wright, Olivia de Havilland, Audrey Hepburn, and Barbra Streisand to Oscar-winning performances. Nevertheless, as a result of he was straight, he was by no means saddled with this rubric.

REASON NUMBER TWO. He holds the doubtful distinction of being certainly one of solely two administrators – the opposite is Jack Conway (for “Viva Villa!,” “A Story of Two Cities,” and “Libeled Girl”) – to have three of his movies be nominated for Greatest Image (“Grand Resort”, “Darkish Victory” and “The Razor’s Edge”) with out he himself being nominated by his friends within the Administrators Department of the Academy. Goulding takes the “honor” to the next stage, nevertheless, as a result of whereas all of Conway’s three motion pictures have been made at MGM, Goulding’s have been all made at totally different studious (MGM, Warner Bros., and TCF, respectively)

REASON NUMBER THREE. For nearly sixty years he was the ONLY director whose movie WON Greatest Image (Grand Resort 1932) with out the director of the film being nominated by his friends. This modified in 1989 when Bruce Beresford was not nominated for the Oscar-winning Driving Miss Daisy.

Edmund Goulding was NEVER nominated for Greatest Director.

The Old Maid

REASON NUMBER FOUR. He directed Bette Davis in additional motion pictures than some other director. A complete of 4 (with involvement in a fifth).

That Sure Girl (1937)

Darkish Victory (1939)

The Previous Maid (1939)

The Nice Lie (1941)

He was getting ready the groundwork, having co-written the screenplay, for 1943’s Previous Acquaintance when he feigned a coronary heart assault in order that he wouldn’t need to work together with her a fifth time. He was changed by director Vincent Sherman who did a tremendous job certainly. Goulding retained his screenwriting credit score.

REASON NUMBER FIVE. His magnificent work on “Nightmare Alley” the place, working with grasp cinematographer Lee Garmes, he produced one of many GREAT movie noirs, a style he had by no means labored in earlier than, and would by no means work in once more.

The unique Nightmare Alley, a 1947 American movie noir starring Tyrone Energy and that includes Joan Blondell, Coleen Grey, and Helen Walker, was directed by Goulding and primarily based on the 1946 novel of the identical title written by William Lindsay Graham. Energy, wishing to develop past the romantic and swashbuckler roles that introduced him to fame, requested that twentieth Century Fox’s studio chief Darryl F. Zanuck purchase the rights to the novel so he may star because the unsavory lead, The Nice Stanton, a scheming carnival barker. Though not a monetary success upon its unique launch, it’s now thought to be a movie noir basic and a triumph for Goulding. The film boasted career-best performances from Energy and Blondell and a memorable one from Walker enjoying a corrupt psychologist. A automotive crash, and the accompanying scandal, ended Walker’s profession two years later.

Edmund Goulding

Goulding directed 9 of his performers to Academy Award nominations.

Nancy Carroll, Greatest Actress for The Satan’s Vacation (1929-30).

Gloria Swanson, Greatest Actress for The Trespasser(1929-30).

Fay Bainter, Greatest Actress for White Banners (1938).

Bette Davis, Greatest Actress for Darkish Victory (1939).

Mary Astor, Greatest Supporting Actress for The Nice Lie (1941).

Joan Fontaine, Greatest Actress for The Fixed Nymph (1943).

 Clifton Webb, Greatest Supporting Actor for The Razor’s Edge (1946).

Anne Baxter, Greatest Supporting Actress for The Razor’s Edge (1946).

Edmund Gwenn, Greatest Supporting Actor for Mister 880 (1950).

Two of these performers, Mary Astor and Anne Baxter Gained the Oscar for his or her performances.

Grand Hotel

Here’s a record of the Movies Directed by Edmund Goulding that I’ve been fortunate sufficient to see over my years of filmgoing.

12 monthsMovie TitleScoreStudioActorsCinematographerFurther Data
1932Grand ResortA-MGMGreta Garbo
Joan Crawford
John Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
Wallace Beery
William DanielsOSCAR WINNER: BEST PICTURE OF 1931/1932
The one movie to win the Greatest Image Oscar with out being nominated in some other class!
“I need to be alone”.
The celebrities carry it!
1937That Sure GirlC-Warner Bros.Bette Davis
Henry Fonda
Ernest HallerGoulding’s FIRST FILM with Bette Davis.
They’re simply attending to know each other right here and the film simply barely stays afloat.
1938White BannersCWarner Bros.Fay Bainter
Claude Raines
Jackie Cooper
Charles RosherFay Bainter was nominated for a Greatest Actress Oscar for taking part in Hannah, a lady who has a son out of wedlock and provides him up for adoption.
1938The Daybreak PatrolB+Warner Bros.Errol Flynn
Basil Rathbone
David Niven
Tony GaudioGoulding’s remake of the 1930 Howard Hawks-directed pre-code 1930 movie of the identical title is best than the unique. The story facilities round a gaggle of fighter pilots in World Struggle I and options certainly one of Errol Flynn’s most interesting performances.
1939Darkish VictoryB-Warner Bros.Bette Davis
George Brent
Ronald Reagen
Humphry Bogart
Goulding’s SECOND FILM with Bette Davis.
Bette suffers bravely in Mink as a socialite who begins to lose her imaginative and prescient as a consequence of a mind tumor. Properly made by Goulding however, like a number of Bette Davis motion pictures from this era, “Darkish Victory” has not dated nicely.
1939The Previous MaidB+Warner BrothersBette Davis
Miriam Hopkins
George Brent
Tony GaudioGoulding’s THIRD FILM with Bette Davis.
The outdated Bette Davis – Miriam Hopkins rivalry hits paydirt right here as Miriam raises Bette’s out-of-wedlock youngster. A triumph for all involved.
1941The Nice LieB-Warner Bros.Bette Davis
Mary Astor
George Brent
Tony GaudioGoulding’s FOURTH FILM with Bette Davis.
A lady raises one other lady’s youngster! Principally a remake of “The Previous Maid” with a number of classical music and Astor (Oscar Win) doing an ideal job on the piano.
1943Previous AcquaintanceB+Warner Bros.Bette Davis
Miriam Hopkins
Sol PolitoGoulding’s FIFTH FILM with Bette Davis.
It was an excessive amount of for him and he feigned a coronary heart assault shortly after filming started. He was changed by director Vincent Sherman who did a fabulous job, the outdated Bette Davis-Miriam Hopkins rivalry arising trumps but once more. Goulding retained his display screen credit score as a co-writer of the screenplay.
1943The Fixed NymphBWarner Bros.Joan Fontaine
Charles Boyer
Alexis Smith
Tony Gaudio1924 novel by Margaret Kennedy.
1926 play by Margaret Kennedy and Basil Dean.
Screenplay by Kathryn Scola.
Oscar Nomination: Joan Fontaine.
Well-known musical rating by Erich Wolfgang Korngold.
The Ultimate Will and Testomony of Margaret Kennedy stipulated that the movie may solely be proven at universities and museums after its unique theatrical run. In consequence, it’s a very troublesome movie to display screen. Nevertheless, a DVD was launched below the Warner Archive Assortment label in 2011. I found a uncommon screening at Turner Traditional Films.
1943ClaudiaB-TCFDorothy McGuire
Robert Younger
Ina Claire
Reginald Gardiner
Leon ShamroyPrincipally, a filmed play that Dorothy McGuire had finished on Broadway. She is charming and the movie was so well-liked {that a} sequel (NOT directed by Goulding) “Claudia and David” arrived in 1946.
1946The Razor’s EdgeA-TCFTyrone Energy
Gene Tierney
Anne Baxter
Clifton Webb
Herbert Marshall
Working from Lamar Trotti’s adaptation of W. Somerset Maugham’s novel, Goulding will get excellent performances from Energy, Tierney, Baxter (Oscar Win), Webb (Oscar Nomination), and Marshall who made a type of mini profession out of enjoying Maugham. The truth that the hero (Energy), and his seek for some transcendent that means in his life, finally ends up destroying everybody round him goes unnoticed. Superbly shot by TCF grasp cinematographer Arthur C. Miller.
1947Nightmare AlleyATCFTyrone Energy
Joan Blondell
Coleen Grey
Helen Walker
Lee GarmesGoulding’s masterpiece. A Movie Noir basic that also holds up at this time.
1950Mister 880BTCFBurt Lancaster
Dorothy McGuire
Edmund Gwenn
Joseph la ShelleCandy and humorous. Oscar nomination for Gwenn.
1958Mardi GrasC+TCFPat BooneWilfrid M. ClineBoone’s Greatest Film!

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